Dota 2 How Do The Ranks Work

  1. Dota 2 Rank Reset 2020
  2. Dota 2 How Does Ranked Work
  3. Dota 2 Rank Distribution
  4. Dota 2 Ranks Wiki

Since its release in 2011, Dota 2 has gained a large audience all around the world. According to January 2020 Dota 2 stats, 378,928 unique users with completely different dota 2 ranks played on a daily basis on average, with the max topping out at an astonishing 616,000 gamers.

  • Our Dota Auto Chess ranks guide contains everything you need to know about all of the ranks in Dota Auto Chess and how to earn them. Dota's Auto Chess custom mode has taken Dota 2 by storm. Simply glance over on Twitch and you'll find a dedicated page for Auto Chess, along with a number of streamer completely fixated on a mode which isn't even.
  • Ranks are based on player percentages, not a specific mmr. As such, towards the end of a season, it is generally easier to achieve a higher rank even if you did not play any game recently, due to the inflation in mmr. That's the reason why you will never find an accurate estimate unless it is updated at least weekly.

To facilitate such a rapidly growing community, in 2013 Valve introduced a new gaming system that helps Dota 2 players find opponents and teammates based on their skill level – Matchmaking Rating (MMR).

What Does MMR Stand for?

With the release of new seasonal ranking, today i saw a hoard of masses trying to calibrate a better ranking. Here, i'll put an analogy on the new system and give you what's going to happen all around the ranking system: Every one must have known about the 42 tiers from 0-Star Herald to 5-Star Divine Today the first calibration i saw was of [email protected] calibrating at avg 6.7K MMR game.

Matchmaking Rating Dota 2 (MMR) is a system designed for determining the skill rating of each player. The main purpose of MMR is to find and pair equal opponents and teammates for fairplay. The system is designed so as not to let more experienced players team up or stand against players of a lower skill level.

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All games in Player vs Player mode fall into two categories:

  • Unranked
  • Ranked

Unranked Match – casual games that in no way affect the player’s MMR progress.

Unranked games are divided into 10 modes:

Dota 2 rank tier
  • All pick
  • Turbo
  • Ability Draft
  • Single Draft
  • All Random
  • Random Draft
  • Captains Mode
  • Captains Draft
  • Least Played
  • All Random Deathmatch

Ranked match is a kind of game that allows players to boost (or decrease) their MMR Dota value, depending on their results.

Ranked matches boil down to three game modes:

  • Ranked All Pick – First, players have to vote for the heroes to get banned; then they take turns picking their own heroes that remain on the list.
  • Captains Mode – the captains of each team, one after another, choose and ban heroes from the general list.
  • Random Draft – a list of 50 heroes is automatically generated and players take turns picking the hero they like the most.
Dota 2 ranks to league ranks

We are keeping up with the most prestigious Dota 2 tournaments and will let you know of all updates and results in our Blog Category Esports.

Roles in Dota 2 MMR

Players in ranked matches can choose a specific role when playing. The system determines which role you will play better, and depending on the selection, you should find yourself on the same level as your opponents. No matter which role you choose, the match results will contribute to the actual MMR value. Initial levels for each role will be calculated based on previous MMR values for the base and support roles as well as analysis of your last hundred games.

Safe Lane

s the hero with excellent damage-dealing potential and comfortable attack animation. The main task of Carry is to kill enemies during the fight and destroy enemy structures during the match.

Mid Lane

The heroes in the central lane are mostly self-sufficient and need no help with farming. Heroes in the middle lane must have active attack abilities or, at least, manage to deal lots of damage at the very beginning of the game, even without having a large number of artifacts.

Off Lane

Is the one who starts the fight or takes control over enemy heroes. Offlaners are the initiators with a huge health pool or heroes with powerful ultimate abilities.

Safe Support

The fourth position player should be good at pressing the keys and feeling the game both on lanes and in teamfights like no one else. In a teamfight as well as on the line, he acts both as an initiator and as a support and as an attacking hero.

Hard Support

Hard support is the hero who stays on the lane with carry and helps him. Fifth position heroes have the warding map, stack forest camps and help each other during the game.

Support characters help core positions during the game. Generally, support characters help with warding an area, making stacks of forest creeps, healing teammates in fights, and inflicting adverse effects on enemies, in most cases, without significant damage but with strong impact. There are two supports in Dota 2:

The role system in Dota 2 helps to avoid situations when one team meets five Midlanders or five carries, without support players. If you choose a special position, you’ll find the match faster.

How to Play Ranked Matches in Dota 2?

Mastering Dota 2 skills are no cakewalk, even for old hands, since you have to realize the overall game mechanics and specifics of playing styles of different heroes. To say nothing of newcomers to the game, who might get embarrassed by the most common gameplay moments.

In 2017, the game developers added some new eligibility restrictions for those who want to play ranked matches.

How to Unlock Ranked Matches in Dota 2?

  1. Link your smartphone to your Steam account;
  2. Have 25 matches played in Unranked mode;
  3. Once you are done with 25 games, the system randomly defines the number of games (from 0 to 100) you have to play before being allowed to queue for ranked matches.

This helps new Dota 2 players learn the in-game mechanics much better and therefore know how to play various heroes with all their unique abilities and playing styles.

How Does MMR Calibration Work

When ranked matches are already unlocked, the system allows a player to play 10 matches to calibrate his account. After the calibration is through, a player is awarded a medal and his MMR is therefore determined.

Tips for players before getting calibrated:

  • Pick only heroes that can cause a lot of damage and kill as many enemies as possible.
  • Don’t give yourself a hard time, try choosing easy-to-play heroes like Dragon Knight, Wraith King, Viper, etc.
  • Winning a match is a very important factor for getting a high MMR value. So follow your teammates’ lead as well-organized teamwork is the key to success in Dota 2.

Dota 2 Ranked Season Guide

Since November 2017, all players receive a Dota 2 MMR rank medal. All the medals are then divided into 8 different Dota ranks to show a player’s skill level. Every season Valve changes and improves the ranked system; the last update was added in October 2019.

Dota 2 Ranks (Medals)

  • Herald - from 0 to - 618 MMR
  • Guardian - from 771 to 1390 MMR
  • Crusader - from 1535 to 2152 MMR
  • Archon - from 2312 to 2923 MMR
  • Legend - from 3082 to 3698 MMR
  • Ancient - from 3855 to 4470 MMR
  • Divine - from 4625 to 5427 MMR
  • Immortal - 6000 + MMR

The player’s medals are easily seen in your profile, so everyone can know your exact skill level. Moreover, remember that everyone in the game can also see your outward appearance. So don’t hesitate to buy and sell the best Dota 2 skins on DMarket with no fees involved.

On receiving the Divine 5 stars medal, players appear on the Dota 2 Leaderboards and from then on they can claim the Immortal rank medal, which enjoys in-game animation effects.

How to Rank Up in Dota 2?

Here’s a list of tips to follow on how to improve your Dota 2 ranks:

  • As practice makes perfect, try to play more;
  • Learn all the abilities and talents of every hero;
  • Think twice before making a step in the game and plan all your actions and purchases in advance;
  • Never forget to save some money for buyback;
  • Use your scan ability to detect any enemy hero in the area beforehand;
  • Always keep an eye on the Minimap to watch how far your creeps are while pushing the lane. It helps you prevent an imminent enemy attack;
  • A lot of useful insights can be learned from watching professional live streams or eSports tournaments such as the recent DreamLeague Leipzig Major;
  • Always show respect for your teammates and try to meet them halfway in any situation. Though the opposing team in Dota 2 will have no mercy on you, there’s always a chance to win even in the most seemingly lose-lose situations.

For all Dota 2 universe fans we’ve prepared a list of the best Dota 2 wallpapers to make you feel comfy even when you’re not in the game.

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A player's match history, showing changes in MMR after each game.

Matchmaking Rating, or MMR is a value that determines the skill level of each player. This value is used in matchmaking. Winning increases a player's MMR, while losing decreases it.

Ranked Matchmaking allows players to earn seasonal ranking medals based on their MMR. Players with the highest ratings are listed on the world Leaderboards.

  • 2Distribution Estimates


  • In general, players with similar MMRs will be matched with each other.
  • MMR values are adjusted depending on the role selected, and the player's past performance with each role.[1]
    • When a player queues with their best role, their full MMR with be considered.
    • When a player queues for their weaker roles, the system will adjust their MMR down.
    • MMR gain/loss after each match remains the same regardless of which role is played.
  • Players who rank in the regional top 200 for solo ranked matchmaking will appear on the Leaderboards.
  • MMR for ranked matches require approximately 10 games to calibrate.
    • Bot games and Training matches do not use MMR.

Distribution Estimates


In December of 2013, Valve gave the following MMR distribution for solo unranked matchmaking across the entire player base.[2] It is unknown how much these figures have changed since 2013.

Percentile indicates the percentage of players who are lower than the corresponding MMR. For example, a player with 3200 MMR would be more skilled than 90% of the total population.



Subsequent analysis of public player profiles collected by OpenDota shows a higher average MMR of approximately 3100. This figure is assumed to be skewed upwards, as it is generally believed that newer and less skilled players are less likely to display their MMR publicly, and therefore are not considered in the data analysis.


Uncertainty is the standard deviation of a player's MMR.

  • Players with high uncertainty are more likely to be matched with players that differ more greatly in skill level, and vice versa.
  • New accounts with few games played tend to have high uncertainty, while older accounts with many games played tend to have low uncertainty.
    • Since normal and ranked matchmaking are tracked separately, a player who has many normal games will still experience high uncertainty in ranked matchmaking if they have only played a few ranked games, and vice versa.
  • Highly uncertain matches are sometimes called swing games because their outcomes are 'breakthrough' moments that are indicative of a player's MMR progression or regression.
  • If game outcomes (win/loss and individual performance) repeatedly match the system's expectations, uncertainty will decrease until it reaches a floor.
    • Conversely, unexpected match outcomes will cause an increase in uncertainty.


In general, parties receive bonus MMR when searching for matches. This is meant to compensate for superior party coordination, as well as partying with highly skilled members.

  • Parties' skill and experience values are counted as an aggregate, not individual for each player.
  • Parties will receive a higher adjusted MMR.
  • Parties with large differences between members' MMRs will receive a higher adjusted MMR.
  • Party members with a solo MMR higher than their party MMR will receive a higher adjusted MMR.


Dota 2 Rank Reset 2020

Main Article: Abandon
  • Games played in solo queue will increase or decrease 30 MMR after each match. Games played in party queue will increase or decrease 20 MMR.
  • MMR will not be changed if:
    • A non-partied member of your team early abandons a normal match.
    • Poor network conditions have been detected. A message must appear in game in order for this to apply.
  • MMR will be changed if:
    • Any member of your team late abandons.
    • Any member of your party abandons in any form.
    • You are playing a ranked match, regardless of any abandons.


  • MMRs are only shown to the players themselves.


  • At the start of each ranked season, players can choose to reset their ranked MMR under Settings -> Account -> MMR Recalibration.
  • There are specific time windows for when players can reset their MMR.

Other Information

Dota 2 How Does Ranked Work

  • MMR is the principal, but not the only factor used in matchmaking.
    • The system also takes into account Experience (number of games played), Player Performance, Gold Difference and various hidden variables.
  • The system does not directly try to achieve any particular win rate for players.
    • However, it does try to ensure that each team has a 50% chance of winning by matching players of similar skill against each other.
      • This means that, over time, win-loss ratios will naturally settle around 50/50 for all but the very best players.
  • The system does not examine individual win / loss streaks or try to end them.
  • Win rate and win count are not related to MMR, nor are they meaningful measures of player skill.

Dota 2 Rank Distribution


  • According to Valve, player opinions of the MMR system are highly correlated with their recent win rates.[2]

Patch history

  • Added seasonal MMR reset option.
  • Removed variability in MMR gained or lost after each match.
  • Solo matches now adjust for 30 MMR, party matches 20 MMR.
  • Made average team MMR and highest individual MMR visible during hero selection for ranked matches.


  1. Blog Post - March 02, 2020
  2. 2.02.1Matchmaking Blog Post

External Links

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